Causes of Eczema

Causes of Eczema and Treatment Options

Eczema is the inflammation of the skin caused by the overreaction of your immune system to small irritants. Your skin might develop a rash or an itchy and flaky patch that can be uncomfortable. Eczema & rashes Santa Barbara can lead to re-infection in unaffected areas if you scratch the affected area.

The difference between eczema and rashes

A rash can occur after an allergic reaction or skin irritation. Eczema occurs when a rash is persistent and itchy and does not clear on its own.


You might have eczema because of your genetics or from environmental factors like the weather. Sometimes, rashes might show on your skin if you are undergoing a stressful event. Common causes include:

  • Stress
  • Environmental triggers
  • Genetics


When you have eczema, your skin might experience the following symptoms:

  • Itchiness
  • Rashes
  • Redness
  • Flaking and peeling
  • Redness

Treatment options

Your eczema treatment will depend on the severity of the condition. Some situations will call for allergic medications while others will call for topical creams. The goal of the treatments is to minimize the itchiness and help you control the symptoms. The following are treatments that your dermatologist might recommend.

Prescription-strength antihistamines  

Antihistamines contain histamine-blocking properties and sedatives. When you take such medication, your skin will relax and the sedative will make you sleepy. They will minimize the urge of scratching the affected area and potentially cause an infection. Since they contain sedatives, they are best used at night.

Topical creams

Topical creams are great for people with eczema because they contain anti-inflammatory properties. You can use topical creams depending on the affected areas and under the guidance of your dermatologist.

Specialized moisturizers

Your dermatologist might recommend special moisturizers that will keep your skin soft and smooth. The moisturizers are thick and contain more oil content than water. Ensure to use it immediately after a bath. If you use a topical cream as well, apply it before the moisturizer.

Antibiotic medications

If your eczema flare-ups have been intense leading you to scratch your skin, your doctor will prescribe an antibiotic. It can either be a pill that you swallow or a cream that you can apply to the infected area.

How can you prevent flare-ups?

Maintaining moisturized skin will go a long way in dealing with and preventing eczema flare-ups. You can also minimize the itchiness by using recommended creams. The following are tips you can use to deal with eczema and avoid making the situation worse.

When to see a doctor

Eczema usually appears on your neck, upper chest, hands, and feet and it can cause persistent skin irritation. If you have an itchy and flaky skin patch, you should consider a specialist’s opinion and treatment. Visit your doctor if you experience the following:

  • Itching that worsens at night
  • Raw and sensitive skin
  • Thickened or cracked skin       
  • Asthma or hay fever attacks
  • Small raised bumps
  • The affected area is oozing pus

If you have eczema and rashes, visit LUX Dermatology for customized treatment. You don’t have to endure skin itchiness and dryness when there is treatment available. Call or book an appointment online today.

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